CENTRAL AMERICA & CARIBBEAN: FOOD SECURITY
12.7M PEOPLE IN 5 IPC PHASE 3 (CRISIS) COUNTRIES FOOD INSECURITY OR WORSE
According to the Global Food Crises Report 2022 from the Global Network Against Food Crises, rising food prices, the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, extreme weather conditions and high insecurity have led nearly a million additional people at Crisis food insecurity levels (IPC Phase 3 or above) in El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras and Nicaragua in 2021.
The increase from 11.8 million food insecure people in 2020 to 12.7 million in 2021 saw the five countries reach six-year highs, populations that had already increased in Central America before the impact from hurricanes Eta and Iota in November 2020. The economic impacts of the COVID-19 containment measures lasted through 2021 as the pandemic precipitated one of the region’s worst recessions and exacerbated existing structural problems. The situation in Haiti has been marked by violence as well as the August 7.2 magnitude earthquake and Tropical Storm Grace in the south. While there has been a slight decrease in the number of people in Phase 3 from September 2021 thanks to improved food availability due to harvests, the population in Emergency food insecurity (IPC Phase 4 ) increased after the impacts of the earthquake and the tropical storm.
CENTRAL AMERICA: MIGRANTS AND REFUGEES
24K ENTRIES OF IRREGULAR MIGRANTS TO HONDURAS FROM JANUARY TO APRIL 2022
According to ECHO, Honduras recorded more than 24,000 irregular migrant entries between January and April 2022, mainly people from Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela. The municipalities of Danlí and Trojes see an average of more than 500 people seeking shelter every day. The needs identified include access to food and water, basic hygiene and sanitation services, health and psychosocial support services, protection, restoration of family links, information on migration procedures and access to the services of the National Institute for Migration.
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) reports an average of 1,500 monthly medical consultations for migrants in Darien, on Panama’s eastern border with Colombia, including treatment for nearly 400 women victims of sexual assault between April 2021 and March 2022. The Dangerous Jungle, which saw 19,092 illegals between January and April 2022 (a 66% increase from the 11,487 reported during the same period in 2021), is plagued by security issues. protection from criminal groups that regularly assault migrants and subject migrant women to sexual violence, including rape.
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA’s activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.