From Rio de Janeiro
Since the radical change of the international scene, with the end of the USSR and the socialist camp, we was projected as hegemonic force in the world. This phenomenon has also occurred in Latin America.
The extension of neoliberal model was the economic modality of this hegemony. Latin America was the region of the world with the most neoliberal governments and its most radical forms. It was the expression of the strongest American hegemony on the continent.
The brief breath of the neoliberal model has revealed how short the legs of this hegemony are.
The most important economies of the continent – the Mexican, the Brazilian, the Argentinian– quickly began to suffer economic crises, already under the neoliberal model.
The North American trend on the continent is to be increasingly isolated, with less support, with more adversarial governments. This trend has been accentuated since the emergence of progressive governments in Latin America.
These governments, by favoring the overcoming of neoliberalism and not its consolidation, have always opposed the North American proposal for the continent. By opting for regional integration processes and not free trade agreements with the United States, they opposed American policies for the continent. Strengthen Latin American states, oppose politics and the centrality of the market, an American proposal for the continent.
These governments represented spaces of autonomy with respect to North American politics. The United States began to focus its support on neoliberal governments, on conservative forces on the continent.
Mexico, Colombia, Chile, have become the privileged governments of the United States. While Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia and Ecuador have come to represent the polar opposite of the United States.
Slowly, The United States was losing its most important referents on the continent. First of all, with the election of López Obrador in Mexico. Then with The election of Boric in Chile. Finally, with the real possibility of choosing Petro in Colombia. The probable defeat of Bolsonaro and the victory of Lula would reinforce this trend.
As the American support camp weakened, the opposition bloc in the United States grew stronger. For the first time, this field will be able to count on the three most important countries of the continent: Argentina, Mexico and Brazil. American policy has always been to try to prevent this alliance. When the external debt of these countries was negotiated, the United States and the IMF made concessions to one of them, to prevent it from joining the others. And he always tried to promote the distance between Mexico and Argentina and Brazil and the conflicts between these two countries.
The Biden administration has sought to overcome the increased isolation by Donald Trump’s presidency, but has had little success so far. The Macri government was replaced by an anti-neoliberal government. The same thing happened in Mexico, with the victory of López Obrador. And in Chile, with the triumph of Boric. In Colombia, the probable election of Petro will go in the same direction. Like in Brazil.
The polarization between the forces of the extreme right and left and of the center left – those anti-neoliberals – leaves no room for the allies of the government of Biden. is he opposes Trump’s style, but maintains the neoliberal model.
The decline of North American hegemony in the world is expressed in Latin America in a more accentuated way. What allies firm that imperialism has today on the continent? Brazil and Colombiawho must move their governments to positions away from the United States.
The possibility of Donald Trump returning to the presidency of the United States will confront him with a continent without the allies he once had. American isolation will be even more marked.
The loss of the hegemonic capacity of the United States in the world is occurring, in its historical “backyard”, in the most profound and probably irreversible way.